fourleaflogo wheat
FOUR LEAF MILLING PTY LTD
Lot 120 Main Road
(PO Box 83)
Tarlee, South Australia


OPEN FOR MILL DOOR SALES
Monday - Friday: 8:30am to 5:00pm




Frequently Asked Questions

Please find below the answers to the questions that we are often asked.

If you have a question for us please click here to contact us and let us know, thanks!

What is the best way to store your products?

All Four Leaf products should be stored in a cool, dark place. "Best Before" dates are based on the products being stored correctly. This is particularly important when storing 5kg, 10kg and 25kg bags. These types of bags are not impervious to insects and must be stored correctly.The ideal storage conditions are in a sealed container in a cool room or refrigerator.

Do you export your products?

Due to drought conditions in Australia, supplies of some grains and seeds are limited. Four Leaf is therefore unable to export any quantities of any products at this stage.

Orders and Delivery Information.

Local orders are delivered to Adelaide on Wednesdays (however we cannot guarantee delivery if orders come in later than 12 o'clock on Tuesdays!) Interstate orders are scheduled for delivery on Fridays. As all orders are milled to order, sufficient time must be given to meet expected time for deliveries.

What is the difference between Stabilized and Unstabilized Oats?

UNSTABILIZED oats are rolled as raw kernels. STABILIZED Oats are subjected to steam for a short time, then rolled. We have 3 lines of oats for you to choose from;
Original Rolled Oats:
These are rolled raw oat kernels, and make a fantastic creamy Porridge!
Stabilized Rolled Oats:
These are oat kernels that are steamed before being rolled. They make a chewier porridge as the flakes remain more whole. Best for biscuits, or commercial Muesli.
Tender Rolled Oats:
These oat kernels are processed the same as stabilized rolled oats, but are rolled 'flatter' and create a thinner oat.

Heat Treated Products

All our rolled (flakes) products (except for our 'Original' Rolled Oats), go through a steaming process prior to being rolled, which softens the grain.

'What is the difference between organic and bio-dynamic produce/products?'

Of course this terminology relates as to how the plant has been grown, but basically it is the culture of the soil. The growing plant is a reflection of the soil condition and environmental factors, equally so, the soil fertility is a reflection of the management of that soil.
Organic Production
This is a natural method of soil culture that excludes the use of chemical fertilisers, eg super-phosphate, urea, sulphate of ammonia, etc. Also excluded is the use of any synthesised chemicals, eg pesticides, weedicides, fungicides, fumigants, etc.
Basic soil management is for the development of a higher organic matter content within the soil. This can be done by various procedures including 'green manuring' either broad scale farming or the home garden. Animal manures also play a major part in an organic system, particularly in more intensive soil culture, home and commercial vegetables and tree crop production. The use of animal manures are important but must be put through a composting process. The OPAC standards, which really control the certifying bodies, state that all animal manures must be composted. This of course relates to intensive production and not to grazing animals in a paddock situation. Considerable emphasis is put on the legume cycle by growing leguminous plants.
Other commercial fertilisers can be used such as composted animal manures and crushed natural rock, being a source of minerals. Some products derived from the sea such as kelp or fish residues may be used.
There are of course management systems such as grazing animals, cultivation techniques and particular rotations to further enhance this system.
Bio-dynamic Production
Bio-dynamic agriculture began in 1924 in Selesia when a group of farmers were noticing a decline in agriculture and asked an Austrian philosopher, Dr Rudolf Steiner, to give his views on agriculture. These lectures were his suggestions on how to enliven and particularly the plant.
The lectures illustrated his depth in understanding nature and consequently various people have put these suggestions into practice as well as developing into a highly practical soil cultural system.
A basic principle is that a farm is looked upon as a living entity with only a minimum of inputs being brought in from outside. A real point when we speak of sustainability. When a special need arises in the mineral balance within the soil, such products as crushed rock will be brought onto the property and used. As with the organic system, chemical fertilisers and synthesised chemicals are not allowed.
The bio-dynamic principle suggested by Dr Steiner is that soil enlivening is carried out by the use of the various preparations. These are used in incredibly small amounts some down to a gram to the acre. The eight preparations are derived from animal manure, quartz crystal or herbs. They are especially prepared and go through a composting process.
One preparation called "500" is used for soil and root development while another called "501" can, in special circumstances, be used to bring more light into the plant. The other preparations are used in the compost heap to assist in the breakdown and eventual quality of the compost. Animal manures must be composted.
Furthermore, the management is so important. The legume cycle for the natural production of soil nitrogen is paramount. Grazing livestock and cultivation techniques are very important.
Bio-dynamics is a highly organised system, the aims of enlivening earth is so important as soils are becoming so chemical contaminated and impoverished.
This fact is of course reflected in the quality of product/food produced.
Both systems are practiced worldwide.




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